Filed Under: Arctic, Blog, Geography

Svalbard Spitsbergen during August
Svalbard during August (via Wikipedia)

My Arctic adventure is due to start from Svalbard, a Norwegian archipelago in the Arctic Ocean. Situated north of mainland Europe, it is about midway between continental Norway and the North Pole.

The archipelago features an Arctic climate is a breeding ground for many seabirds, as well as polar bears, reindeer, the Arctic fox, and certain marine mammals. Seven national parks and twenty-three nature reserves cover two-thirds of the archipelago, protecting the largely untouched, yet fragile, natural environment. Approximately 60% of the archipelago is covered with glaciers, and the islands feature many mountains and fjords.

The climate of Svalbard is dominated by its high latitude whilst the North Atlantic Current moderates Svalbard’s temperatures, particularly during winter, giving it up to 20 °C (36 °F) higher winter temperature than similar latitudes in Russia and Canada. This keeps the surrounding waters open and navigable most of the year.

Information via Wikipedia.